By D.M. Parkin, S.L. Whelan, J. Ferlay, E. Bah, M. Hamdi-Cherif, F. Sitas, H. Wabinga
Our wisdom of the geographic and ethnic styles of melanoma within the African continent is proscribed. there's a nearly complete loss of legitimate mortality records through reason, and few registries have released occurrence information in comfortably obtainable sources--for instance, the melanoma prevalence in 5 Continents series.This booklet brings jointly the entire presently on hand information at the profile of melanoma in fifty two nations of Africa, particularly from melanoma registries the place facts haven't hitherto been released or have seemed purely as magazine articles or in neighborhood studies. the printed literature on melanoma styles and tendencies in every one kingdom is reviewed. The e-book additionally presents a entire evaluate of the epidemiology and prevention of 20 significant cancers, concentrating on reviews which have been played in Africa, and the insights that those have supplied. a unique bankruptcy offers with the impression of the AIDS pandemic at the burden of melanoma at the continent.
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Extra resources for Cancer in Africa (IARC Scientific Publication, No. 153)
75), Lyon, IARC, pp. 8 ICD (10th) (200-06 Table 1. Tunisia, North, Tunis (1994) NUMBER OF CASES BY AGE GROUP AND SUMMARY RATES OF INCIDENCE - FEMALE Average annual population 673698 415596 362546 260562 152397 129125 109870 Table 2. Tunisia, Centre, Sousse (1993-1997) NUMBER OF CASES BY AGE GROUP AND SUMMARY RATES OF INCIDENCE - MALE Average annual population 78380 47180 37480 27820 15320 12460 12160 Table 2. L Average annual population 74740 CRUDE RATE % CR 64 ASR ICD (W) (10th) Table 3. Tunisia, Sfax (1997) NUMBER OF CASES BY AGE GROUP AND SUMMARY RATES OF INCIDENCE - MALE SITE Average annual population ALL AGE AGES UNK MV (%) 0- 15- 25- 35- 45- 55- 65+ 128200 78400 64400 48400 27400 22800 23600 CRUDE RATE ' CR 64 ASR 1CD (W) (10th) Table 3.
1976) reported on 7959 cancers diagnosed histologically in 1960-69 in the lnstitut Pasteur laboratory in Tunis; at that time, this was the only histopathology laboratory in the country (Table 4). The data from the hospital cancer registry of the National Cancer Institute (Institut Salah Azaiz) have also been published (Mourali, 1986; Ben Abdallah, 1997). Table 4 shows the results for the 17-year period 1969-85 (Ben Abdallah, 1997). There are some similarities between them. Breast cancer (especially in the hospital series) and cervix cancer are the dominant malignancies, and there are raised frequencies of skin cancers, respiratory cancer in men (in the hospital series), and nasophatyngealcancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
8 37329 871272 Table 8. (%) NUMBER OF CASES 0-4 Leukaemia Acute lymphoid leukaemia Lymphoma Hodgkin disease Burkitt lymphoma Brain and spinal neoplasms Neuroblastoma Retinoblastoma Wilms tumour Bone tumours Soft tissue sarcomas Kaposi sarcoma Germ cell tumours Other All 5-9 10-14 AU M/F Overall RATES PER MILLION 0-4 5-9 10-14 Crude ASR %W Cancer in Africa Table 9. Childhood cancer, Algeria, Oran (1996-1998) REL. 0 Table 10. 0 North Africa Table 11. Childhood cancer, Algeria, 4 Registries Leukaemia Acute lymphoid leukaemia Lymphoma Hodgkin disease Burkitt lymphoma Brain and spinal neoplasms Neuroblastoma Retinoblastoma Wilms tumour Bone tumours Soft tissue sarcomas Kaposi sarcoma Germ cell tumours Other All 5-9 10-14 All 49 35 49 9 0 13 25 29 35 5 7 0 9 34 255 69 47 75 29 1 28 20 10 20 16 10 0 2 37 287 171 111 181 58 3 65 53 40 63 66 29 0 13 134 815 53 29 57 20 2 24 8 1 8 45 12 0 2 63 273 RATES PER MLLLION REL.
Cancer in Africa (IARC Scientific Publication, No. 153) by D.M. Parkin, S.L. Whelan, J. Ferlay, E. Bah, M. Hamdi-Cherif, F. Sitas, H. Wabinga