Cain and Abel in Text and Tradition: Jewish and Christian - download pdf or read online

By John Byron

ISBN-10: 9004192522

ISBN-13: 9789004192522

The tale of Cain and Abel narrates the primeval occasions linked to the beginnings of the realm and humanity. however the presence of linguistic and grammatical ambiguities coupled with narrative gaps supplied translators and interpreters with a couple of issues of departure for increasing the tale. the result's a couple of good verified and interpretive traditions shared among Jewish and Christian literature. This booklet makes a speciality of how the interpretive traditions derived from Genesis four exerted major impression on Jewish and Christian authors who knew rewritten models of the tale. The objective is to assist readers take pleasure in those traditions in the broader interpretive context instead of in the slender confines of the canon.

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Extra resources for Cain and Abel in Text and Tradition: Jewish and Christian Interpretations of the First Sibling Rivalry

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Cain was a greedy worshipper who did not give God all of the offering. 15 T. Neofiti Genesis 4 uses the Greek loan word δῶρον to describe both of the brothers’ sacrifices (Martin, McNamara, Targum Neofiti [Collegeville, Minn: Liturgical Press, 1987], 64). 16 See Hindy Najman, “Cain and Abel as Character Traits: A Study in the Allegorical Typology of Philo of Alexandria” in Eve’s Children: The Biblical Stories Retold and Interpreted in Jewish and Christian Traditions (ed. G. P. Luttikhuizen Leiden: Brill, 2003), 113, 115; John Byron, “Living in the Shadow of Cain: Echoes of a Developing Tradition in James 5:1–6,” NovT 48 (2006): 265–66.

But since them, all who do so shall be blotted out before the eyes of the children of their people. ” T. -J. Lev 20:17: “And any man who has a sexual relation with his sister, his father’s daughter or his mother’s daughter and he despise her nakedness, and she despise his nakedness, it is a shameful thing; because I did a favor to the first men so that the world would be filled with them before the law was given; but after the law has been given to the world, all who do so shall be exterminated by a plague and the children of their people shall see his punishment.

18 The only chronological marker in the Cain and Abel story is located in Gen 4:3 where it introduces the sacrifice scene. 19 The variety of translations reflects the vagueness of the phrase. Sometimes it can be used to describe an indefinite period of time, either short or long (Gen 24:55; 40:4), or it can designate a time period as much as a year (Lev 25:20; 1 Sam 1:21). g. Gen 8:6; Exod 12:41). 20 But since this is the only chronological marker in the Cain and Abel story some exegetes in antiquity concluded that the phrase added some type of significant meaning to the interpretation of the story.

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Cain and Abel in Text and Tradition: Jewish and Christian Interpretations of the First Sibling Rivalry by John Byron


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