By Michael Decker, Miltos Ladikas, S. Stephan, Katharina Mader
This ebook summarises the result of the undertaking TAMI (Technology overview in Europe; among approach and Impact); a two-year undertaking that introduced jointly the most institutes of know-how evaluate in Europe, either parliamentary and non-parliamentary ones. TAMI created a established discussion among know-how evaluation specialists and policymakers on present methodologies and their influence in policymaking.
The TAMI workforce explored and assessed the entire spectrum of methodologies from the "classical" to the "interactive/participatory" and "communicative", pointed out solid practices in undertaking implementation and set the level for impression evaluate in accordance with target standards. in addition the workforce investigated wider influencing components in expertise overview, starting from "institutional settings" to "lobbying activities", "industry know-how overview" and "cultural elements" which are additionally provided intimately. ultimately the ebook bargains a sequence of coverage options in response to the findings of the venture.
Science, Society and coverage, are 3 parts that expertise evaluate capabilities inside and works for; this publication is an try to enhance the interplay among them for a extra socially and economically sustainable technology and expertise coverage in Europe.
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Extra info for Bridges between Science, Society and Policy: Technology Assessment — Methods and Impacts
Then the mall groups are reshuffled and perform the same task again. This process can be iterated three or four times until no further significant change are made. At the end of a Delphi proce one gets either a normal distribution of as e ment arou nd a common median, a two- or three peak distribution (signalling a majority and one or more minority votes) or a flat curve (which mean that knowl edge is insufficient to make any reliable assessment). The advantage of Delphi is that a serious effort has been inve ted to find the common ground among the expert and to find the rea ons and arguments that cau e differences in assessments.
For example: the European debate on genetically modified food or the debates on nuclear waste disposal sites in many countries. Here, the role of TA in contributing to the management of conflict might be to overcome the blockade by communicative measures and by systematic analyses of possible alternatives. These can open new ways of thinking and new paths to overcome the deadlock-situation. Interestingly, the phase and character of the policy debate might change in the course of the TA-project, especially for long and complex projects.
Participants should also have the opportunity to modify the agenda, or even to set the agenda themselves. But fmally decisions on the agenda or the procedure must be consensual. e. all participants should understand all used concepts and definitions. If necessary, a translation should be available. Not only is attention for the transfer and acquisition of knowledge needed, but also for the acquisition of interaction skills by the participants. This concerns talking skills, group-working skills, etc.
Bridges between Science, Society and Policy: Technology Assessment — Methods and Impacts by Michael Decker, Miltos Ladikas, S. Stephan, Katharina Mader