Read e-book online Botanophilia in Eighteenth-Century France: The Spirit of the PDF

By R.L. Williams

ISBN-10: 9048156785

ISBN-13: 9789048156788

ISBN-10: 9401598495

ISBN-13: 9789401598491

The publication describes the suggestions that enabled botany, within the Eighteenth century, to end up an self reliant technological know-how, self sustaining from medication and herbalism. This encompassed the improvement of a competent procedure for plant type and the discovery of a nomenclature that may be universally utilized and understood. the main that enabled Linnaeus to plot his type method used to be the invention of the sexuality of vegetation. The e-book, that is meant for the trained common reader, proceeds to demonstrate what percentage features of French existence have been permeated by means of this revolution in botany among approximately 1760 to 1815, a botanophilia occasionally inflated into botanomania. The reader may still emerge with a clearer figuring out of what the Enlightenment truly was once not like a few renowned second-hand principles today.

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His initial training was in the law, at the Jesuit college in Dijon, but his preference for the physical sciences and mathematics soon dominated. And when, at twenty-five, he inherited considerable property from his mother, he was freed to devote his life to scientific studies. Although he was not a botanist by training, much less a botanophile, he secured election to the Academie des sciences in 1739 as associate botanist, the vacancy created by the advancement ofBernard de Jussieu to full membership.

Another example, in short, where the abandonment of essentialism in the formation of a natural order enabled its author to envision substantial alterations in plants: not a theory of evolution, to be sure, but an outlook necessary before one could be conceived and enunciated. Louis Gerard's contributions were soon forgotten, perhaps because of the immediate assumption that he had merely adopted the ideas of Bemard de Jussieu. But the near oblivion that befell Michel Adanson until recent decades seems more attributable to his peculiar personality.

Bernard de Jussieu. This loss has been the most unbearable for everyone who had the good fortune to know hirn. He was the most communicative, the most enlightened man in France. To the most extensive knowledges, he joined a love of mankind and the most touching simplicity. " 17 His work was carried on by others, if not at the Petit Trianon. Marie-Antoinette made her first sojourn there in April of 1779. While no one has ever doubted that she loved flowers, or that she commissioned the English garden, or that she appreciated the flower paintings ofRedoute, it has to be admitted that her interest was entirely aesthetic and fashionable.

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Botanophilia in Eighteenth-Century France: The Spirit of the Enlightenment by R.L. Williams

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