By Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer
Within the mid-1980s public overall healthiness officers in North the US, Europe, Japan, and Australia came upon that nearly half the hemophiliac inhabitants, in addition to tens of millions of blood transfusion recipients, were contaminated with HIV-tainted blood. This e-book presents a comparative point of view at the political, criminal, and social struggles that emerged in line with the HIV illness of the blood provide of the industrialized global. It describes how 8 international locations answered to the 1st symptoms that AIDS may be transmitted via blood, how early efforts to safe the blood offer faltered, and what measures have been eventually applied to unravel the infection. The authors element the awesome mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the kingdom, the clinical institution, and their very own caregivers to hunt recompense and justice. in spite of everything, the blood institutions in just about all the complicated business international locations have been shaken. In Canada, the pink go used to be compelled to withdraw from blood assortment and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical enterprises that synthetic clotting issue agreed to large repayment -- $500,000 consistent with hemophiliac contaminated. In France, blood officers went to legal. Even in Denmark, the place the variety of contaminated hemophiliacs used to be really small, the fight and litigation surrounding blood has led to the main protracted criminal and administrative clash in smooth Danish heritage. Blood Feuds brings jointly chapters at the reviews of the USA, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with 4 comparative essays that make clear the cultural, institutional, and financial dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.
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Additional resources for Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster
The "colossal wrongheadedness" of the Foundation and its medical leadership was compounded by a failure to speak openly and honestly about the risks associated with factor concentrate. "There are few hemophiliacs who, had they known the truth about the dangers. . would not have cut their AFC [antihemophilic factor concentrate] usage by 90%. True, there would have been an increase in the number of painful days, and treatment would have been more inconvenient. " In other contexts, but especially when underscoring the betrayal by physicians who testified in court against hemophiliacs seeking redress from concentrate manufacturers, the language used to describe the medical leadership of the NHF would be even sharper.
Included were homosexual and bisexual men with multiple sex partners, as well as those who had sexual relations with such individuals. In carefully measured language and with full recognition that the blood banking community had expressly rejected the explicit screening of potential donors for sexual orientation, the Public Health Service put forth its "prudent" proposals. "As a temporary measure members of groups at increased risk should refrain from donating plasma and/or blood. "29 The precise method to be adopted to enforce such self-exclusion was not stipulated.
42 A fellow representative of the pharmaceutical association warned that a policy of imposed automatic recall of suspect lots would "establish a precedent leading to an eventual life-threatening short supply of. . product; add to the fear and concern in the mind of the user. C. "44 At the end of the 1980s, when the dire consequence of factor contamination was evident, and when the decisions made earlier in the decade were increasingly being subject to scrutiny, June Osborn, then dean of the School of Public Health at the University of Michigan and a prominent figure on federal advisory panels on AIDS, would seek to capture the uncertainty of the times, treating the decisions made with great charity.
Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster by Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer