By Ajay Singh, Nagina Parmar, Ramesh C. Kuhad
Bioaugmentation, biostimulation and biocontrol techniques utilizing microbial inoculants, biofertilizers, biochemicals and natural amendments increase soil biology, fertility and crop productiveness through offering plant growth-promoting foodstuff and suppressing soil-borne ailments and plant-parasitic nematodes. Our wisdom of microbial range and its functionality in soils has been elevated enormously end result of the availability of a wealth of knowledge received via fresh advances within the improvement of molecular equipment and metagenomics for the review of microbial variety and services within the rhizosphere atmosphere of soil.
Chapters facing the appliance of biofertilizers and natural amendments are contributed via specialists – professionals within the quarter of soil technological know-how together with microbiology and molecular biology – from educational associations and the industry.
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Extra resources for Bioaugmentation, Biostimulation and Biocontrol
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 8:192–207 Juwarkar AA, Nair A, Dubey KV, Singh SK, Devotta S (2007) Biosurfactant technology for remediation of cadmium and lead contaminated soils. Chemosphere 68:1996–2002 Karami A, Shamsuddin ZH (2010) Phytoremediation of heavy metals with several efficiency enhancer methods. Afr J Biotechnol 9:3689–3698 Kavamura VN, Esposito E (2010) Biotechnological strategies applied to the decontamination of soils polluted with heavy metals. Biotechnol Adv 28:61–69 Kent AD, Triplett EW (2002) Microbial communities and their interactions in soil and rhizosphere ecosystems.
2008) Kamilova et al. (2008) Ryu et al. (2003) Rezzonoco et al. (2005) Kamilova et al. (2006) Erturk et al. (2010) Vessey and Buss (2002) Shaharoona et al. (2006) Pirlak and Kose (2009) Rodrigues et al. (2008) Recep et al. (2009) Belimov et al. (2007) economic gains in the recent years (Bolton et al. 1986; Halverson and Handelsman 1991; Parmar 1995). Parmar and Dadarwal (1999) studied co-inoculation of the rhizobacteria with effective Rhizobium strains of chickpea and observed a significant increase in nodule weight, root and shoot biomass and total plant nitrogen when grown either in sterilized chillum jars or under pot culture conditions.
The success of these plant–bacteria interactions requires evasion of the plant innate immunity by either avoiding recognition or by suppressing host defenses. The primary plant innate immunity is triggered upon recognition of common microbe-associated molecular patterns. Different studies reveal striking similarities between the molecular basis of rhizobial nodulation factors and microbe-associated molecular patterns from plant pathogens. The global market for biocontrol has been valued over $580 million (Bolckmans 2008).
Bioaugmentation, Biostimulation and Biocontrol by Ajay Singh, Nagina Parmar, Ramesh C. Kuhad