By Alfred D. Chandler (editor), Franco Amatori (editor), Takashi Hikino (editor)
Written in nontechnical phrases, this booklet explains how the dynamics of huge enterprise have prompted nationwide and overseas economies. A path-breaking learn, it offers the 1st systematic remedy of massive company in complicated, rising, and centrally-planned economies from the overdue 19th century, whilst giant companies first seemed, to the current. huge commercial organizations play a necessary function in constructing new applied sciences and commercializing new items in the entire significant international locations. How such corporations emerged and developed in numerous financial, political, and social settings constitutes an important a part of 20th century international heritage. those essays, written via internationally-known historians and economists, support one comprehend the fundamental function and services of huge enterprise.
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Additional resources for Big Business and the Wealth of Nations
As large industrial enterprises moved into international markets, this network of related enterprises also expanded. With the growth in the number of reliable material suppliers, and of producers of specialized equipment and parts, and of distributors, dealers, and other franchised outlets, the core firms increasingly relied on independent enterprises for many of their nonstrategic needs, although they usually continued to own and operate their own wholesale marketing and distribution activities.
1, an embryonic pattern of oligopoly emerged in leading industrial economies by World War I. Large firms everywhere were beginning to concentrate in the same set of industries: those transformed by capital-using, scale-dependent technologies including food processing, cigarette making, chemicals, petroleum refining, primary metals, and various types of machinery making including electrical products and transportation equipment. Naturally each country shows some unique pattern. S. petroleum companies reflects the resourcebase growth of the country.
These learned capabilities became a source of more powerful competitive advantages than merely the reduction of unit costs. Just as the capabilities that were learned by exploiting the physical economies of scale led to capital augmentation through improvement of processes and products, so the organizational skills developed in pursuing joint production at the manufacturing establishment level led not only to improvement in existing processes and products but also to the systematic commercialization of new processes and products.
Big Business and the Wealth of Nations by Alfred D. Chandler (editor), Franco Amatori (editor), Takashi Hikino (editor)