By Thayer Scudder
This booklet highlights the long term resettlement technique of the Egyptian Nubian humans alongside the Aswan excessive Dam. Assessing the resettlement of 48,000 Egyptian Nubians in reference to the excessive Dam is mainly very important for 3 major purposes: to begin with, this resettlement technique is without doubt one of the infrequent circumstances during which study began sooner than the dam used to be equipped has persisted for over 40 years. Secondly, the resettlement of the Egyptian Nubian humans is without doubt one of the few situations within which the dwelling criteria of the massive majority greater end result of the preliminary political will of the govt, mixed with Nubian tasks. Thirdly, given the complexity of the resettlement method, weaknesses in executive making plans, implementation, and within the weakening of presidency political supply worthy classes for destiny dam-induced resettlement efforts.
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Additional info for Aswan High Dam Resettlement of Egyptian Nubians
3 Identity Our 2007 survey Question 31 asked respondents to comment on how resettlement had changed the way in which they saw their identity as Egyptian and as Nubian. ” Four stated that their identity had been positively and strongly influenced because previously isolated Nubian communities have been merged with other Egyptian communities, while two others noted that merging had an undisclosed effect on their identity. ” (Fig. 10). 4 Living Standards All women who answered the question stated that their living standards had gone up as a result of resettlement with improved educational and job opportunities Fig.
Still, although Smith states that the State views Nubian culture “as a vital ingredient of national culture,” Nubian distinctiveness is potentially threatening to the idea of national unity (Ibid: 5), which may help to explain the failure of the government to address legitimate Nubian complaints about Kom Ombo and the ‘Right to Return’ to their homeland. 1 The Situation in Kom Ombo Housing and Cash Compensation The location of Kom Ombo in a treeless desert area away from the Nile has been a legitimate grievance of Nubians since resettlement in the mid 1960s.
The major exception was Nubian housing that Fathy found in the Mattoki-speaking area: As we visited the ﬁrst few villages … we immediately realized that we were face to face with a most dramatic and signiﬁcant human experiment. It was a new world for all of us, whole villages of houses, spacious, lovely, clean and harmonious. There was nothing like them in Egypt. Each village seemed to come from some dream country. (Fathy 1966: 73). The same was the case in the yet-to-be-inundated areas near the Sudan border.
Aswan High Dam Resettlement of Egyptian Nubians by Thayer Scudder