By Alexander Williams
Argument constitution - the trend of underlying kinfolk among a predicate and its dependents - is on the base of syntactic idea and the idea of the interface with semantics. This finished advisor explores the causes for thematic and event-structural decomposition, and its relation to constitution in syntax. It additionally discusses extensive styles within the linking of syntactic to semantic kinfolk, and contains insightful case stories on passive and resultative buildings. Semantically particular and syntactically neutral, with a cautious, interrogative method, Williams clarifies notions of argument inside of either lexicalist and nonlexicalist techniques. excellent for college kids and researchers in syntactic and semantic idea, this advent comprises: • A entire evaluate of arguments in syntax and semantics • dialogue questions and recommendations for additional studying • A word list with beneficial definitions of key words.
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Additional info for Arguments in Syntax and Semantics
The verb is syntactically simple, but Dowty’s description of its value is complex, with the several predicates Cause, Do and Become, in addition to Hard. (2) λyλx[ ∃P[ Cause(Do[x, P(x)], Become[Hard(y)]) ]] Parsons and Dowty are themselves very clear about what they mean the ‘additional’ structure in these formulas to indicate. But in principle it might be meant in any of three ways, importantly different: semantic decomposition may be strict, representational or metasemantic. Semantic decomposition is strict when it ascribes structure to the meaning of the expression itself.
The boundary between tall and not tall is blurry, however. 8. Eventually these marginal subtractions will yield a woman who is not tall. But the question of exactly when has no nonstipulative answer. And for this reason tall is vague. It is best to use the term “vague” with just this meaning, rather than as a hypernym for several sorts of indeterminacy. Sometimes we talk as if a single expression always has only a single semantic value, the same at each use. But this is a simpliﬁcation. Different uses of the same expression may have different values.
2 The predicate calculus with lambdas The formulas I will use to represent meanings and to refer to semantic values are formulas of the predicate calculus supplemented with lambda abstraction, such as the formula in (25), carried over from (23) and (24) above. 9 I will review this interpretation by going step-by-step through the formula in (25). 3, I will outline some unorthodox ways of reading these formulas, with which we can accommodate alternative semantic assumptions. Any formula λx[φ] names a function.
Arguments in Syntax and Semantics by Alexander Williams