By Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav
The connection among verbs and their arguments is a generally debated subject in linguistics. This accomplished survey offers an updated review of this significant sector of study, exploring present theories of ways a verb’s semantics can verify the morphosyntactic cognizance of its arguments. Assuming a detailed connection among verb which means and syntactic constitution, it presents a bridge among lexical semantic and syntactic examine, synthesizing the result of paintings from a number linguistic subdisciplines and in quite a few theoretical frameworks.
The first 4 chapters survey prime theories approximately occasion constitution and con- ceptualization. The 5th and 6th chapters specialize in the mapping from lexical semantics to morphosyntax, and contain a close dialogue of the thematic hierarchy. The 7th bankruptcy studies remedies of a number of argument actual- ization. With worthwhile bibliographic references and transparent definitions of proper phrases, this booklet might be precious to scholars and researchers in syntax and semantics, in addition to these in comparable fields.
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Additional info for Argument Realization
Ha-yeled sana et ha-tered. ’ d. Ha-mexona ha-yeSana poletet aSan. ’ In English the range of subjects can be even wider, as noted by Hawkins (1985), citing Rohdenburg (1974), and Perlmutter and Postal (1984). The examples in (26) might be said to have location and measure subjects, though the natural Hebrew translations of these sentences do not maintain the same subjects. (26) a. This room sleeps ﬁve people. b. This edition of the text book had added a new chapter. c. A dollar won’t buy a cup of coffee any more.
Van Valin and D. Wilkins 1996: 309, (9); adapted from Holisky (1987: 118, (15)) (40) a. Larry murdered his neighbor. b. ∗ Larry inadvertently murdered his neighbor. c. ∗ The explosion murdered Larry’s neighbor. (Van Valin and D. Wilkins 1996: 310, (10)) As Van Valin and D. Wilkins point out, elaborating on Holisky (1987: 118– 19), verbs which require agents as subjects such as murder are much rarer than those which allow agents as subjects, but also allow various nonagentive cause subjects, such as kill.
The cook opened the jar with the new gadget. b. The new gadget opened the jar. (11) a. Shelly ate the sliced banana with a fork. b. ∗ The fork ate the sliced banana. The source of the problem appears to be determining the right “grain-size” to use in the definition of semantic roles. For certain argument expression generalizations coarse-grained lexical semantic analyses are suitable; however, others call for finer-grained analyses. For example, B. Levin and Rappaport Hovav (1995: 135) formulate a rule which realizes the “immediate cause” of an event as the subject in English.
Argument Realization by Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav