James Kraska's Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change PDF

By James Kraska

ISBN-10: 1107006600

ISBN-13: 9781107006607

This is often the 1st ebook to envision Arctic protection coverage and armed forces protection from the viewpoint of all 8 Arctic states. In mild of weather swap and melting ice within the Arctic Ocean, Canada, Russia, Denmark (Greenland), Norway, and the USA, in addition to Iceland, Sweden, and Finland, are grappling with an rising Arctic safety paradigm. This quantity brings jointly the world's such a lot professional Arctic political-military specialists from Europe and North the USA to investigate how Arctic international locations are adapting their protection postures to house elevated transport, increasing naval presence, and effort and mineral improvement within the polar sector. The booklet analyzes the ascent of Russia because the first "Arctic superpower," the starting to be significance of polar defense for NATO and the Nordic states, and the expanding function of Canada and the U.S. within the sector.

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Extra info for Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change

Sample text

It lies with soft security and civil cooperation both in building mutually advantageous regional interdependence and in hardening the region as best we can against destabilizing conflict from the world outside. arctic tendencies Despite the constraints on war and collaboration alike in the Arctic today, the region is coming alive politically under the effects of climate change, resource scarcity, and geostrategic competition. Separately and together, the Arctic Eight are being faced with increasingly consequential choices both in defining the national purpose and in charting a future for the region or subregion that best meets the national interest.

Counterpart may need strengthening if Arctic cooperation is to move ahead in the next few years. In a world of linked national policy debates, isolationists support one another far more readily than do internationalists. 9 Parallel unilateral acts of restraint can be of mutual assistance to internationalists, but really there is no substitute for agreements. A case in point is the Ilulissat Declaration, 8 9 Interview with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Newsweek, December 22, 2009. To offer a current example, Canada’s decision to buy sixty-five F-35 fighter jets at a cost of $16 billion has been justified by the need to defend against a Russian strategic bomber threat as represented by sorties of elderly aircraft that do approach Canadian airspace (four flights in 2007; five in 2008; three in 2009; and three in 2010).

In summary, important questions of regional governance were left hanging, which happens to be the way it is in the world out there. The underlying issues deserve further discussion. Good government is at once a precondition and a consequence of security, the prime concern of this conference and this book. To the extent that security is lacking, self-help is likely to prevail over cooperation. In contrast, the more extensive and consensual the governance, the more secure everyone will feel and be, especially in a dynamic frontier region marked by large uncertainties.

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Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change by James Kraska


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