By Fangming Jin
This bookreviews the hot advances in hydrothermal conversion of biomass into chemical substances and fuels, and includes 15 chapters. It introduces the homes of high-temperature water, the advantages of hydrothermal conversion of biomass, and a few novel hydrothermal conversion tactics, in most cases together with hydrothermal construction of value-added items, hydrothermal gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction and hydrothermal carbonization. This ebook introduces a brand new inspiration for counteracting the imbalance within the carbon cycle, that is because of the fast intake of fossil fuels in anthropogenic actions together with the gradual formation of fossil fuels. therefore, the booklet comes in handy in conveying a primary knowing of hydrothermal conversion of biomass within the carbon cycle in order that a contribution might be made to attaining sustainable strength and setting. it's also attention-grabbing to a large readership in quite a few fields together with chemical, geologic and environmental technology and engineering.
Fangming Jin is a distinct Professor on the college of Environmental technological know-how & Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong collage, China
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Extra info for Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion
The short distance between oxygen and Cu atoms in the coordination compound is favorable for electron transfer from the oxygen atom to Cu(II) ion, resulting in the reduction of Cu(II). Simultaneously, lactic acid is formed as the main product from the transformation of complex and glyceraldehyde . Then, the formed lactic acid is further oxidized into acetic acid via a similar transformation by formation of Cu complex with the release of CO2 as shown in Fig. 11. The detailed discussion on reduction of CuO into Cu2O and Cu by glucose and cellulose is given in Sects.
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2. 46 Y. Wang et al. Fig. 11 Reaction pathway of production of lactic and acetic acid from D-glucose with CuO under alkaline hydrothermal conditions (R1: coordination; R2: redox; R3: Lobry de BruynAlberda van Ekenstein transformation (LBAE); R4: elimination; R5: benzilic acid rearrangement; and R6: hydration). Reproduced from Ref. 1 Effect of Reaction Temperature and Time The feedstock in this section is extended to cellulose rather than its monomer glucose to investigate the reaction pathway of cellulosic biomass in this reaction system and optimize reaction conditions.
Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion by Fangming Jin