By Costanza, Robert
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Ecological Economics
A research agenda that inherently recognizes this connection between northern “wealth” and southern “illth” (what John Ruskin referred to as the opposite of wealth) will go a long way toward equitable and sustainable development. F. Danielsen et al. The Asian tsunami: A protective role for coastal vegetation. Science 310, 643, 2005. E. Marris. Conservation in Brazil: The forgotten ecosystem. Nature 436, 1071, 2005. Humanity’s Current Dilemma 13 3. W. N. Adger, P. M. Kelley, N. Ninh. Living with environmental change: Social vulnerability, adaptation and resilience in Vietnam.
How two conceptually complementary fields, such as ecology and economics, have become associated with such opposing prescriptions for how people should interact with their environment is a fascinating story (cf. Page 1995). And it is a story that must be understood for ecological economics to emerge from the separate disciplines. The sections in this chapter briefly document some of the historical development of the two disciplines of economics and ecology, showing how they have learned from each other and explaining how they have evolved such different environmental prescriptions from shared conceptual bases.
We are witnessing the biggest consumption boom in history. ” They are also shifting to a diet strongly based on meat, which they enjoy at least once a day instead of once a week at most. Still more importantly, they are buying cars in large numbers. These three consumption activities have sizeable environmental impacts. First, household appliances are almost always run off electricity generated by fossil fuels—with all that implies for the build-up of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the global atmosphere, thus bringing on climate change.
An Introduction to Ecological Economics by Costanza, Robert