By James F. McKenzie, Robert R. Pinger
The 5th version of this best-selling introductory textual content has been up-to-date to mirror the most recent developments and facts in neighborhood health and wellbeing with the intention to successfully handle the future health matters dealing with today’s groups. With emphasis on constructing the information and talents important for a profession in health and wellbeing schooling, An advent to group wellbeing and fitness, 5th variation covers such issues as epidemiology, neighborhood association, application making plans, minority future health, well-being care, psychological well-being, environmental healthiness, medicinal drugs, security, and occupational healthiness.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Community Health
12). Much of the widening health gap is a result of the continuing impact of communicable diseases, especially HIV/AIDS. 45 The challenges 46 of the twenty-first century that need to be addressed in order to improve the world’s health include: 1. Greatly reducing the burden of excess mortality and morbidity suffered by the poor. This means shifting the ways in which governments all over the world use their resources. It also means focusing on those interventions that enable the greatest health gain possible with the available resources so that the diseases that disproportionately affect the poor, like tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS, can be less of a burden.
Qxd 16 ᭜ 10/26/04 UNIT ONE 3:53 PM Page 16 FOUNDATIONS OF COMMUNITY HEALTH infections of the gastrointestinal tract. Other communicable diseases, such as typhoid fever, malaria, and diphtheria, also killed many people. There were other health problems as well. Thousands of children were afflicted with conditions characterized by noninfectious diarrhea or by bone deformity. Although the symptoms of pellagra and rickets were known and described, the causes of these ailments remained a mystery at the turn of the century.
In 1796, Dr. Edward Jenner successfully demonstrated the process of vaccination as a protection against smallpox. He did this by inoculating a boy with material from a cowpox (Vaccinia) pustule. When challenged later with material from a smallpox (Variola) pustule, the boy remained healthy. Dr. Jenner’s discovery remains as one of the great discoveries of all time for both medicine and for public health. Prior to Dr. 6). The only known prevention had been “variolation,” inoculation with smallpox material itself.
An Introduction to Community Health by James F. McKenzie, Robert R. Pinger