By National Research Council (U. S.)
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Energy touches our lives in numerous methods and its expenditures are felt after we replenish on the gasoline pump, pay our domestic heating money owed, and preserve companies either huge and small working. There are long term expenses to boot: to the surroundings, as usual assets are depleted and toxins contributes to worldwide weather switch, and to nationwide defense and independence, as a few of the world's present power resources are more and more targeted in geopolitically risky areas. The country's problem is to enhance an power portfolio that addresses those matters whereas nonetheless delivering enough, cheap power reserves for the nation.
the USA has huge, immense assets to place at the back of recommendations to this strength problem; the obstacle is to spot which strategies are the ideal ones. prior to determining which strength applied sciences to enhance, and on what timeline, we have to comprehend them better.
America's strength Future analyzes the opportunity of quite a lot of applied sciences for new release, distribution, and conservation of strength. This booklet considers applied sciences to extend power potency, coal-fired strength new release, nuclear strength, renewable power, oil and normal gasoline, and replacement transportation fuels. It deals a close review of the linked affects and projected expenses of enforcing each one expertise and categorizes them into 3 time frames for implementation.
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Additional info for America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. S. interests. S. consumption of oil is concentrated in key economic activities, such as transportation and home heating, this produces what many consider to be increasingly substantial economic and national security vulnerabilities. The current recession has reduced petroleum demand, and this condition may persist until the economic recovery gets under way. But if history is any guide, the resumption of worldwide economic growth will again raise the demand for petroleum and increase pressures on prices.
Existing and new energy-supply technologies—including wind, solar, geothermal, biofuels, and nuclear power. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies on a large-enough scale to reduce CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil fuels. Modern electrical transmission and distribution systems to accommodate 21st-century electricity supplies (especially from intermittent resources such as wind and solar), support future growth in electricity demand, and enable national-scale deployments of sophisticated demand-side technologies.
5 Annual per capita energy use (in million Btu per capita) as a function of gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing-power parity per capita. A progression over time for several representative countries is shown. GDP is a measure of economic activity. On average, higher per capita energy consumption is associated with increasing per capita GDP; however, in some cases, per capita GDP has increased while energy use has declined. Sources: Adapted from Shell International BV, Shell Energy Scenarios to 2050 (2008), based on data from the International Monetary Fund and British Petroleum.
America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation by National Research Council (U. S.)