By Johannes Lehmann, Dirse C. Kern, Bruno Glaser, William I. Woods
Darkish Earths are a testomony to vanished civilizations of the Amazon Basin, yet can also resolution how huge societies may perhaps maintain in depth agriculture in an atmosphere of infertile soils. This booklet examines their starting place, houses, and administration. Questions stay: have been they deliberately produced or a derivative of habitation. extra new and multidisciplinary views via top specialists could pave the way in which for the subsequent revolution in soil administration within the humid tropics.
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Extra info for Amazonian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, Management
1996). War and Peace in the Shadow of Empire: Sociopolitical Change in the Upper Xingu of Southeastern Amazonia, ca. AD 1400 – 2000. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. A. (1989). Preliminary results on soil management techniques of the Kayapó Indians. Advances in Economic Botany, 7, 174-188. Hemming, J. (1978). Red Gold: The Conquest of the Brazilian Indians. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Henley, P. (1982). The Panare: Tradition and Change on the Amazonian Frontier. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Different theories have been presented to account for ADE formation such as its creation through aeolian sedimentation originating from Andean volcanoes, or formation as a result of sedimentation in Tertiary lakes or more recent lakes and ponds (see Falesi, 1972, 1974; Smith, 1980; Woods and McCann, 1999 for more complete discussion). , were interpreted as the result of Amerindians who sought out such naturally fertile soils for crop cultivation, that is, the fertility occurred first and the people came later.
Balée, W. (1994). Footprints of the Forest: Ka’apor Ethnobotany – the Historical Ecology of Plant Utility by an Amazonian People. New York: Columbia University Press. Barbosa de Faria, J. (1944). A cerámica da tribo Uaboí dos rios Trombetas e Jamundá: Contribuição para o estudo de arqueologia pré-histórica do Baixo Amazonas. Anais, 9 Congresso Brasileiro de Geografía, 3, 141-165. Brown, C. , & Lidstone, W. (1878). Fifteen Thousand Miles on the Amazon and its Tributaries. London: Edward Stanford.
Amazonian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, Management by Johannes Lehmann, Dirse C. Kern, Bruno Glaser, William I. Woods