By Saartje Verbeke
The publication offers an summary of the alignment styles present in sleek Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract ends up in a balanced view at the idea of ergativity and evaluates its worth for typological linguistics. The e-book bargains an intensive dialogue of past methods to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The booklet is an intensive synchronic learn of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.
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Additional resources for Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages
According to Hopper and Thompson, sentences with an agentive A and an individuated O constitute the prototypical transitive sentence, in which O is definite, concrete, and animate – all of which are properties that are usually attributed to the agent in the discriminatory account, rather than to the O-argument. e. the opposite of A); O is simply less animate/ definite than A is. This argument has been rephrased by de Swart (2006: 253) as the Minimal Semantic Distinctness principle¹⁴ (contra Aissen 2003): “the agent must outrank the patient on the relevant semantic scales”.
Aissen 1999, 2003). However, the prototypicality of an inanimate/ indefinite O has been contested since Hopper and Thompson (1980). These authors have argued that an affected and individuated O contributes to a higher level of transitivity and is therefore “more natural” than a non-affected or non-individuated O. Individuation refers to a high level of nominality, animacy, concreteness, singularity and definiteness (Hopper and Thompson 1980: 253). Affectedness refers to the extent to which O is affected by the action.
In general, one assumes that person agreement originally derived from bound pronouns, pronominal forms that became attached to the verb stem. The process is as follows: free pronouns occurring close to the verb become bound to the verb form, become clitics (which have a relatively free position but can no longer be used independently) and ultimately become inflections (Corbett 2006: 75). Cross-linguistically, one may note the different stages in this development in different languages. There are languages that display free pronouns, person clitics or agreement suffixes (inflection), all indicating the person of an argument on the verb.
Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages by Saartje Verbeke