By Science, and Technology International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge
The result of the undertaking are contained in seven studies: an international document, 5 neighborhood Sub-Global checks, and a Synthesis document. the worldwide file offers the most important findings of the overview, and the 5 Sub-Global tests tackle local demanding situations. The volumes current ideas for motion. the entire stories were commonly peer-reviewed by way of governments and specialists and all were licensed by way of a panel of engaging governments. The Sub-Global tests all make the most of the same and constant framework: studying and reporting at the affects of AKST on starvation, poverty, nutrients, human health and wellbeing, and environmental/social sustainability. The 5 Sub-Global exams conceal the next regions:
Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA)
East and South Asia and the Pacific (ESAP)
Latin the US and the Caribbean (LAC)
North the USA and Europe (NAE)
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
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Additional resources for Agriculture at a Crossroads: The Global Report
For example, they do not account for external inputs from overseas, which may be higher than the internal inputs. A similar problem exists on the output side since outputs can also take a variety of forms, for instance number of patents, number of new plant varieties registered or number of relevant scientific papers published in refereed journals. Again, all kinds of problems involved in the interpretation of these data are due to paucity of information, lack of disaggregation, variations in national practices, and of course the fact that they often do not pick up on several types of tacit knowledge.
2004) Urban and peri-urban agriculture is characterized by closeness to markets, high competition for land, limited space, use of urban resources such as organic solid wastes and wastewater, a low degree of farmer organization, mainly perishable products, and a high degree of specialization (van Veenhuizen, 2006). Some critical issues include the use of pesticides; use of urban waste in agricultural production; environmental pollution caused by agricultural activities in densely populated areas; conflicts over land and water between agricultural, industrial, and housing uses; unhygienic food marketing; and inability of producers, wholesalers, retailers and other agents engaged in food processing and marketing to adapt to coordinated food chains (World Bank, 2004a).
Temporary migration and commuting to national and international, rural and urban destinations are now a routine part of the livelihood strategies of many households, including farm households, both in industrialized and developing countries. The effects of migration on agriculture are highly diverse—migration can be a negative phenomenon that creates labor shortage in rural areas, leaving the land abandoned; or it can mitigate population pressure and resource use, and the remittances from family members can boost agricultural development (IOM, 2007).
Agriculture at a Crossroads: The Global Report by Science, and Technology International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge