Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries by Abbas Kazmi, James H Clark, George A Kraus, Birgit Kamm, PDF

By Abbas Kazmi, James H Clark, George A Kraus, Birgit Kamm, Rainer Höfer, Sören Henke, Ludwig Theuvsen, Katerina Stamatelatou, Wim Mulder, Zsanett Herseczki, Kostas Theodoropoulos, Piergiuseppe Morone

ISBN-10: 1849731357

ISBN-13: 9781849731355

In Europe, the most oil-rich vegetation are sunflower, rapeseed and olive that are grown essentially for nutrition. This e-book discusses how you can convert this entire crop into power (fuels, energy and heat), nutrition and bioproducts (chemicals and/or materials), when making optimum use of the by-products generated in the course of farming/harvesting, basic processing (oil extraction and refining) and secondary processing (transesterification). The ensuing strategies are extra economically aggressive and the company margin for oil and biodiesel brands is superior. formerly, oil plants were the most element of concentration yet a number of the applied sciences used are appropriate to a large choice of uncooked fabrics. for instance, cellulose from rapeseed straw will be switched over to levulinic acid however the similar expertise should be utilized to cellulose from wheat straw or wooden. major attempt is now being dedicated to '2nd new release' uncooked fabrics comparable to ligno-cellulose which keep away from direct pageant with meals assets. This quantity integrates those advancements with current plant oil provide chains and combines biochemical and thermochemical strategies to shape built-in biorefinery schemes. exact beneficial properties of the ebook are the data on LCA of biorefinery schemes and the surveys displaying the place conventional industries might be suffering from new biorefinery advancements. strength and value calculations for the major biorefinery methods and also are integrated revealing that a few are unusually ecocnomic and will supply major worldwide merits. different issues coated comprise: novel farming and harvesting tools, effective extraction of plant oils, generating biodiesel with out glycerol, extraction of excessive worth chemical substances from agricultural by-products, anaerobic digestion strength of agricultural by-products, use of proteins to yield amino acids, economics and existence cycle research, stakeholder surveys, and coverage eventualities. The publication is of curiosity to lecturers operating in appropriate components of chemistry, biology, fabrics, engineering, economics and coverage stories. these operating within the european farming also will locate it correct to their business.

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Extra resources for Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

Example text

With approximately 21% of the saturated palmitic and stearic acids, 42% oleic acid and 36% linoleic acid jatropha shows a fatty acid pattern not unlike 39 Introduction 124 that of cottonseed and peanut oil. The cultivation volume is 1 Mio ha in several rural development projects in Africa and Asia. However, recent reports based on jatropha cultivation projects in Kenya and Mozambique have concluded ‘that the dominant arguments about Jatropha as a food-security safe biofuel crop, a source of additional farm income for rural farmers, and a potential driver of rural development were misinformed at best and dangerous at worst’.

52. A. Baylis, Biofuels Bioprod. , 2010, 4, 115–117. Introduction 43 53. B. Kamm, Ch. Hille, P. Scho¨nicke and G. Dautzenberg, Biofuels Bioprod. , Special Issue Biorefinery, 2010, 4, 253–262. 54. S. Leiß, J. Venus and B. Kamm, Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 2010, 82(7), 1091–1095. 55. ): Energie aus Biomasse. Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren. Springer Verlag, Berlin und Heidelberg 2009; ISBN 978-3-540-85094-6. 56. Private information, Rape farmer, Region Potsdam-Mittelmark, 2008. 57. G. A. Reinhardt, Energy and CO2 balance of renewable commodities.

Kamm, Verlag GO¨T, Berlin, 1998, ISBN 3-929672-06-5. 36. R. Carlsson, in Leaf Protein Concentrates, ed. L. Telek and H. D. Graham, AVI Publ. , Westport, CT, 1983, pp. 52–80. 37. L. Telek and H. D. ), Leaf Protein Concentrates, AVI Publ. , Westport, CT, 1983. 38. R. J. ), Green Crop Fractionation, The British Grassland Society, c/o Grassland Research Institute, Hurley, Maidenhead, SL6 5LR, UK, 1977. 39. I. ), Recent Advances in Leaf Protein Research, Proc. 2nd Int. Leaf Protein Res. , Nagoya, Japan, 1985.

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Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries by Abbas Kazmi, James H Clark, George A Kraus, Birgit Kamm, Rainer Höfer, Sören Henke, Ludwig Theuvsen, Katerina Stamatelatou, Wim Mulder, Zsanett Herseczki, Kostas Theodoropoulos, Piergiuseppe Morone


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