New PDF release: A Comparative History of Commerce and Industry, Volume I:

By David E. McNabb

ISBN-10: 1137503262

ISBN-13: 9781137503268

ISBN-10: 1349699810

ISBN-13: 9781349699810

A Comparative historical past of trade and undefined, quantity I bargains a subjective evaluation of the way the cultural, social and financial associations of trade and advanced in industrialized countries to provide the establishment we now comprehend as enterprise enterprise.

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Extra info for A Comparative History of Commerce and Industry, Volume I: Four Paths to an Industrialized World

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Compulsory labor was a fundamental characteristic of the manorial system. In exchange for their labor in cultivating the majority of land under the lord’s dominion, peasants received the right to farm small plots for their own benefit. Peasants were also required to devote a set number of days to such tasks as road and bridge building and repair, ditching, repair of manor buildings, and other tasks. Such compulsory labor was not limited to farm peasants. A miller or a smith was a miller or a smith for life and, like the peasant’s dues to his lord, the fees charged for such service were customary, not based on supply or demand.

The first noticeable thing about these towns would have been the stench. There was no sanitary system; an open cesspool in [a] court often served the richer inhabitants; the poor . . made a public convenience of every nook and cranny. The unpaved streets were narrow, often only six-feet wide . . [often] too small for carts. All houses and cellars were desperately over crowded—ten to a room was common in Manchester . . Disease was rampant and unchecked: smallpox, typhus, typhoid and dysentery made death a commonplace .

The next Roman invasion began in 43 CE when some 40,000 troops came to stay. They brought with them ordered, powerful armies, paved roads, stone bridges, and walled cities, as well as the laws and administrative bureaucracy they had perfected over 400 years of expansion and colonization. Roman farms became the breadbasket for Roman armies that were often in battle with Gauls and other tribes that regularly rebelled against Roman rule on the continent. Roman armies, farmers, and tradesmen remained in Britain for nearly another 400 years.

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A Comparative History of Commerce and Industry, Volume I: Four Paths to an Industrialized World by David E. McNabb

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